The Basics Of Linux
In our opinion nothing beats shared Linux hosting. Here are the basic components needed to get started so you can have some Linux love too!
On the whole, we understand Windows and we understand OS X (Apple’s operating system). We might not be super sure of the technical terms, but we can find our way around a computer when we need to. But what about Linux? This open source operating system doesn’t get near the love and admiration that Windows and OS X, so let’s address the basics to become (somewhat) Linux savvy.
Linux is a staple of the tech world. Many of you might know the intricate ins and outs of the operating system, while others may have only heard about it in passing. Users love Linux for its easy-to-use interface and the maximum control that the software offers.
Most of those familiar with Linux software will have a favorite distro (Red Hat, Ubuntu, Debian, etc.) that is their preferred version of Linux. If you’re not really sure what this all means, you are in luck! Let’s take a look at Linux and how it completes our shared hosting packages.
What is Linux?
Linux put simply is an operating system much like Microsoft Windows, but with some pretty big differences. Linux is the software that allows your computer or server to perform specific tasks without resorting to command line tactics of old. Essentially Linux is the middle man between the hardware within your computer and the software you are running on it.
Linux is separated from other operating systems because it is open sourced, meaning that the source code or framework of the software is available or free to all who are interested and wish to use it. Anyone who wants to can see how the software was developed and any glitches or bugs are easily be fixed by programmers rather than a corporate update. Linux is easy to download and simple versions of the software can be found free online.
These characteristics have allowed Linux and its distros to be used on a multitude of computers for a multitude of reasons. Linux represents the third most popular operating system in the world, and is usually working behind the scenes running web servers and supercomputers. It has also recently crossed into the mobile phone business for Android smartphones.
Where did Linux come from?
A Finnish computer science student named Linus Torvalds created a new and free operating system kernel in 1991 as a side project. At the time Torvalds didn’t foresee the project going far and wrote in his book titled Just for Fun that:
It probably never will support anything other than AT-harddisks, as that’s all I have 🙁
In 1992, the first Linux distributions, or similar versions of the original Linux called distros, were created. These hundreds, if not thousands, of distros come in many different forms for many different reasons. If there is a technological need there is most likely a Linux distro that solves it. The most popular distros include Debian, Cent OS, Red Hat, and Ubuntu.
Why should I learn more about Linux?
Linux is driving force behind the majority of servers around the world, excluding the small percentage that run Microsoft, Amahi and others. Because Linux is so widely used it is worth anyone’s while to take the time to learn the basics of this easy-to-use, free software. Below are some helpful tips to guide you into the world of Linux without speedbumps:
- Linux isn’t Windows.
This of course seems obvious but many users can get frustrated when using Linux, expecting it to behave like a Microsoft product. While many aspects are similar to Windows, remember that there is a little bit of a learning curve to get past our previous Windows training.
- If you are looking for your “C” drive, you won’t find it.
Rather than having all files listed under your “C” drive like in Windows, your files will be listed under /home/USERNAME where USERNAME is the name you gave your computer. Most of your files like Documents, Music and Photos will be listed under this folder. Hypothetically you could name your computer C and not have any problems, but it will be much less frustrating if you remember this little tip.
- Viruses and malware are a thing of the past.
Don’t worry about installing an antivirus because Linux users don’t worry about such things. Be considerate about forwarding emails to Windows users; their computers are still vulnerable.
- You have the power to change.
If there is something about your Linux desktop that you don’t like feel free to change it. The beauty of open source code is that nothing is set in stone, and it can be altered at any time. Read up on your options and what other users have done in your situation. As you play with different options you will also learn more about Linux and its capabilities. Don’t be scared to get creative: after all Linux started out as a small project for fun that had many more uses than the designer ever dreamt.
- Remember, it’s free!
While you are attempting to navigate your way through the unfamiliar territory, soothe your frustrations with the thought that your brand new operating system was free! You have no resources invested so really your effort should be considered play time. Remember that if you have any problems or concerns then our expert technical support is here to help you. Shoot them a chat, give them a call or create a ticket for a helping hand.
To learn more about the opportunities of our shared hosting line-up visit: Midphase.com